Tools & Guidelines
Tools & Guidelines

For an effective response to human trafficking, it is essential that relevant authorities and organizations have tools at their disposal to guide them in their work. This section aims to share useful tools and guidelines, developed by a variety of anti-trafficking stakeholders, to assist you in your anti-trafficking work.

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Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons

Keywords: Global,

Toolkit seeking to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and information among policymakers, law enforcers, judges, prosecutors, victim service providers and members of civil society who are working at different levels to prevent and combat human trafficking, protect and assist victims, and promote international cooperation (UNODC, 2008)

Code of Conduct for Foreign NGOs: Investigating Human Trafficking and Child Sexual Exploitation & Participating in Rescue of Victims

Keywords: protection, South East Asia,

Code of Conduct attempting to set minimum standards for investigative NGOs operating in Southeast Asia. It seeks to set and uphold professional standards for the protection of victims of trafficking, NGO personnel, the integrity of the criminal justice process and the reputation of all parties in the sector (USAID, Winrock International and Freedom Collaborative, 2017)

Migration for Development: A Bottom-Up Approach

Keywords: Development, migration,

Handbook providing tools, advice and recommendations to various stakeholders in the field of migration and development, with a focus on the role and contributions of 'small-scale actors' (JMDI, 2011)

Supporting the Reintegration of Trafficked Persons: A Guidebook for the Greater Mekong Sub-Region

Keywords: Cambodia, China, GMS, Laos, Myanmar, protection, Thailand, Vietnam,

Guidebook providing a practical tool for service providers in the Greater Mekong Sub-region who support the reintegration of trafficking survivors. It was developed based on the research findings from 'After Trafficking: Experiences and Challenges in the (Re)integration of Trafficked Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-region' (Nexus Institute, UN-ACT & World Vision, 2017)

Victim Identification and Referral Mechanisms: Common Guidelines for the Greater Mekong Sub-region

Keywords: Cambodia, China, COMMIT, GMS, Laos, Myanmar, referral mechanism, Thailand, Victim identification, Vietnam,

Guidelines developed to assist victim identification and support services through referral mechanisms in the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative against Trafficking in Persons (COMMIT). The document was developed at a regional level and to guide implementation at national levels in the COMMIT countries. They are founded upon the development of COMMIT policies and experiences, as well as international agreements and good practices (COMMIT, 2016)

Identifying Victims of Trafficking and Associated Forms of Exploitation: Common Indicators for First Responders

Keywords: Cambodia, China, COMMIT, GMS, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Victim identification, Vietnam,

Set of indicators to support rapid and accurate victim identification as developed by the ASEAN and COMMIT Member States, with support from ILO, IOM, AAPTIP and UN-ACT, and adopted by both entities at their Senior Officials Meetings in 2016.

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Reliable data on human trafficking has long been recognized as a gap undermining informed anti-trafficking interventions. In an effort to help fill this information gap, UN-ACT conducts and supports rigorous research on human trafficking in the Greater Mekong-Sub-region. In this section, you will find resource materials related to various research initiatives on trafficking in persons, including those unrelated to UN-ACT. The collection of work is not exhaustive, but presents selected materials based on quality and relevance.

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Irregular Migrants, Refugees or Trafficked Persons?

Issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review - the first open-access, peer-reviewed journal that explores human trafficking in its broader context and intersections with migration, gender and labour - scrutinizing the use and effects of migratory categories in light of the increasingly complex patterns of human mobility, and giving voices to migrants to explore how labels impact their lives (GAATW, UN-ACT & Mahidol University, 2018)

What’s the incentive? Comparing regular and irregular migrant work experiences from the Lao People’s Democratic Republic to Thailand

Research comparing the experiences of regular and irregular migrant workers from Lao PDR in Thailand, and assessing the outcomes of these different migration models (UNDP & ILO, 2018)

Blood Bricks: Untold Stories of Modern Slavery

Research highlighting how climate change impacts upon workers’ lives in Cambodia through unseasonal rain that halts brick production and deepens levels of debt (Royal Holloway, University of London, 2018)  

Child Marriage: Its Relationship with Religion, Culture and Patriarchy

Keywords: child marriage, Law, Malaysia, Religion,

Research focusing on the main drivers for child marriage in Malaysia. It examines how the religious conservatism, the patriarchal structure of Malaysian society, as well as its culture of share and stigma exacerbate and perpetuate the situations of child marriages in Malaysia. A complete ban on child marriage is called for by local NGOs (Sisters in Islam & Arrow, 2018).  

Methodology: Global Estimates of Modern Slavery

Keywords: Global, methodology, modern slavery,

Report summarizing the main results of the 2017 Global Estimate of Modern Slavery, and then describing the the methodology used in developing the estimates (ILO & Walk Free Foundation, 2017)

Global Estimates of Child Labour

Keywords: child labour, Global,

Research outlining both the scale and key characteristics of child labour in the world today, as well as changes in the global child labour situation over time. It also discusses key policy priorities in the campaign to reach the 2025 target of ending child labour (ILO, 2017)

Global Estimates of Modern Slavery

Keywords: Global, modern slavery,

Research estimating the number of people in modern slavery, comprising forced labour and forced marriages, as both stock and flow between 2012-2016 (ILO & Walk Free Foundation, 2017)

In African Waters. The trafficking of Cambodian fishers in South Africa

Keywords: (Re)integration, Cambodia, Fishers, fishing industry, recovery, recruitment, South Africa,

This report describes the experiences of Cambodian men who were held in servitude by human traffickers or suffered other forms of extreme exploitation on fishing vessels in the waters of South Africa.

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Laws & Agreements
Laws & Agreements

International law is a powerful conduit for combating human trafficking. This section sets out the most reputable and recent instruments of international law that have set the course for how to define, prevent, and prosecute human trafficking. It also presents anti-trafficking laws and agreements in place within and between the countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-region.

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Memorandum of Understanding between the Governments of China and Thailand on Cooperation in Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Persons

MoU between the Governments of China and Thailand guiding their bilateral cooperation against trafficking in persons, as signed in November 2018 (with Chinese, Thai and English combined) (Governments of China and Thailand, 2018)

Agreement between the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the Government of Malaysia on the Co-operation in Preventing and Combating Transnational Crimes

Keywords: Malaysia, MOU, Vietnam,

Agreement between Viet Nam and Malaysia stipulating the principles, terms and actions for their joint efforts in addressing various forms of transnational crime including human trafficking (Governments of Viet Nam & Malaysia, 2015)

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic on Cooperation to Combat Trafficking in Persons

Keywords: Laos, MOU, Thailand,

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic on Cooperation to Combat Trafficking in Person as signed on 12 July 2017 in Luang Prabang, Lao PDR (Royal Thai Government & Lao Government, 2017)

Bilateral Agreements and Memoranda of Understanding on Migration of Low Skilled Workers: A Review

Keywords: Global, labour migration,

Review analyzing trends in developments of BAs and MOUs with a focus on low-skilled migration; identifying good practices in BAs and MOUs based on specific criteria drawn from international norms; and formulating policy advice and recommendations based on the findings (ILO, 2015)

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Malaysia and the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia on the Recruitment and Employment of Workers

Keywords: Cambodia, labour migration, Malaysia,

Bilateral agreement between Cambodia and Malaysia establishing a framework for the recruitment, employment and repatriation of labour migrants (Governments of Cambodia and Malaysia, 2015)

New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants

Keywords: Global, Migrants, Refugees, United Nations Declaration,

The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants was adopted at a UN high level meeting in New York on September 19th 2016.

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UN-ACT and its partners produce a variety of publications to inform and support counter-trafficking initiatives in Southeast Asia and beyond. This section provides key publications related to human trafficking, particularly in the countries of the Greater Mekong Sub-region.

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Thailand Migration Report 2019

Report providing up-to-date information on migration trends and patterns in Thailand, as well as analysis of migration-related issues and policy developments (UN Thematic Working Group on Migration, 2019)

Development Approaches to Migration and Displacement in Asia and the Pacific: Policy Brief

Policy Brief introducing UNDP's work on migration and displacement across the Asia-Pacific region in five inter-connected areas: 1) migration as a choice; 2) social cohesion; 3) sustainable development; 4) resilience; and 5) re/integration (UNDP, 2018)

Making Migration Work for All

Report by the UN's Secretary-General to the General Assembly intended as an input to the zero draft of the global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration and related intergovernmental negotiations (United Nations, 2017)

Reframing trafficking prevention: Lessons from a "Positive Deviance" approach

Keywords: anti-trafficking, NGO, positive deviance, positive deviance inquiry, Trafficking in Persons,

This study presents the results of and learning from a three-year project implemented in Albania by Fafo, Nexus Institute and Different and Equal.

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