Laws & Agreements

International law is a powerful conduit for combating human trafficking. This section sets out the most reputable and recent instruments of international law that have set the course for how to define, prevent, and prosecute human trafficking. It also presents anti-trafficking laws and agreements in place within and between the countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-region.

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Agreement between the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the Government of Malaysia on the Co-operation in Preventing and Combating Transnational Crimes

Keywords: Malaysia, MOU, Vietnam,

Agreement between Viet Nam and Malaysia stipulating the principles, terms and actions for their joint efforts in addressing various forms of transnational crime including human trafficking (Governments of Viet Nam & Malaysia, 2015)

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic on Cooperation to Combat Trafficking in Persons

Keywords: Laos, MOU, Thailand,

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic on Cooperation to Combat Trafficking in Person as signed on 12 July 2017 in Luang Prabang, Lao PDR (Royal Thai Government & Lao Government, 2017)

Bilateral Agreements and Memoranda of Understanding on Migration of Low Skilled Workers: A Review

Keywords: Global, labour migration,

Review analyzing trends in developments of BAs and MOUs with a focus on low-skilled migration; identifying good practices in BAs and MOUs based on specific criteria drawn from international norms; and formulating policy advice and recommendations based on the findings (ILO, 2015)

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Malaysia and the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia on the Recruitment and Employment of Workers

Keywords: Cambodia, labour migration, Malaysia,

Bilateral agreement between Cambodia and Malaysia establishing a framework for the recruitment, employment and repatriation of labour migrants (Governments of Cambodia and Malaysia, 2015)

New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants

Keywords: Global, Migrants, Refugees, United Nations Declaration,

The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants was adopted at a UN high level meeting in New York on September 19th 2016. It represents a commitment on the part of political leaders to share responsibility and protect the rights of migrants and refugees on a global scale. Migrants and refugees are often vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation this represents a step forward in addressing some of the root causes (UN, 2016)

Policy on Labour Migration for Cambodia

Keywords: Cambodia, labour migration, policy,

The Labour Migration Policy for Cambodia 2015-2018 sets out a framework from which to govern labour migration effectively, empower and protect the rights of women and men migrant workers, and enhance the impact of migration on development (Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training & ILO, 2014)

United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime (and the Protocols Thereto)

Keywords: Global,

The Convention and its supplementary protocols - on human trafficking (2000); on migrants' smuggling (2000); and on firearms and ammunition (2001), having entered into force in 2003 (UN, 2004)

ASEAN Plan of Action Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Keywords: ASEAN,

Plan of Action complementing the ASEAN Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (ACTIP) and outlining specific actions and policies, as well as relevant international obligations, to address regional challenges common to ASEAN Member States in the context of anti-human trafficking (ASEAN, 2015)

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Keywords: Prevention, prosecution, protection,

Protocol - often referred to as the Palermo Protocol - defining human trafficking and outlining measures to be taken by states to prevent and counter the crime. It supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UN, 2000)

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

Keywords: Children, Sexual Exploitation,

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, having entered into force on 18 January 2002 (OHCHR, 2002)

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Royal Thai Government and the Government of Lao PDR on Employment Cooperation

Keywords: Cooperation, Coordination, Employment, Lao PDR, MOU, Thailand,

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Royal Thai Government and the Government of Lao PDR on Employment Cooperation signed 18 October 2002 (2002).

Lao PDR's Decree No. 3824/MLSW of the Minister on Forbidden Occupations and Regions to Export Lao Labourers Working Abroad

Keywords: Labour, Lao PDR, Law, Migrant Workers,

Lao PDR's Decree No. 3824/MLSW of the Minister on Forbidden Occupations and Regions to Export Lao Labourers Working Abroad signed 19 December 2002 (2002).

Lao PDR's Decree No. 68/2002 on Export of Lao Workers Working Abroad

Keywords: Lao PDR, Law, Migrant Workers, Workers,

Lao PDR's domestic law governing the Export of Lao Workers Working Abroad Decree No. 68/2002 signed 28 May 2002 (2002).  

ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers

Keywords: ASEAN, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Migrant Workers, Myanmar, Phillipines, rights, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam,

This is the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers as signed by the Heads of State/Governments of the ten ASEAN nation states on the 13 January 2007 (2007).

Lao PDR's Decree No. 207 on Social Security System for Enterprise Employees

Keywords: Lao PDR, Law, Social Security,

Lao PDR's domestic law governing Social Security Systems for Enterprise Employees (1999).

Lao PDR's Decree No 5418 on Importing of Foreign Workers into Lao PDR

Keywords: Foreign Workers, Lao PDR, Law, Migrant Workers,

Lao PDR's domestic law governing the Importation of Foreign Workers into Lao PDR dated 10 December 2007 (2007).

Lao PDR's Guideline on Implementation of Decree on Export of Lao Workers Working Abroad

Keywords: Implementation, Labour, Lao PDR, Law, Migrant Workers,

Lao PDR's Guideline on Implementation of Decree No 68/PM on Export of Lao Workers Working Abroad based on the Prime Ministerial Decree on Export of Lao Labour Working Abroad dated 28 May 2002, signed and dated 28 July 2002 (2002).

Lao PDR's Trade Union Act

Keywords: Lao PDR, Law, Trade Unions,

Lao PDR's domestic law on trade unions (2007).

Ministerial Regulation No. 10, B.E. 2541 (A.D. 1998), Thailand

Keywords: Fishing, Thailand,

Ministerial Regulation No. 10, issued under the Provisions of the Labour Protection Act B.E. 2541 (A.D. 1998) and stipulating labour protection in respect to marine fishing in Thailand (Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, 1998)

Cooperation Agreement Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the Identification and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims (2009)

Keywords: Cambodia, Cooperation, Identification, Repatriation, SOPs, Viet Nam,

A Cooperation Agreement Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the Identification and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims (3 December 2009).

Cambodia's Sub-Decree On Process and Legal Procedure of Marriage Between Cambodian Citizen and Foreign National (2008)

Keywords: Cambodia, Law, Marriage,

This Sub-Decree On Process and Legal Procedure of Marriage Between Cambodian Citizen and Foreign National defines the process and legal procedure of marriage in the Kingdom of Cambodia between Cambodian citizens and foreign nationals (3 November 2008).

Memorandum of Understanding Between The Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and The Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons and Protecting Victims of Trafficking (2014)

Keywords: Cambodia, Cooperation, MOU, Thailand, trafficking, Victims,

This is a Memorandum of Understanding Between The Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and The Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons and Protecting Victims of Trafficking (30 October 2014).

Cambodia's Policy and Minimum Standards for Protection of the Rights of Victims of Human Trafficking (2009)

Keywords: Cambodia, Law, rights, trafficking,

This document is Cambodia's Policy and Minimum Standards for Protection of the Rights of Victims of Human Trafficking and Prakas 852 on Implementation of the Policy and Minimum Standards for Protection of the Rights of Victims of Human Trafficking (31 August 2009).

Agreement between The Royal Government of Cambodia and the Government of The Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation Eliminating Trafficking in Women and Children and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (2005)

Keywords: Cambodia, Children, Cooperation, trafficking, Viet Nam, Women,

This is an agreement between The Royal Government of Cambodia and the Government of The Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation Eliminating Trafficking in Women and Children and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (10 October 2005).

Agreement between Cambodian and Vietnamese Police (2007)

Keywords: Cambodia, Cooperation, Police, Viet Nam,

This is a bi-lateral agreement between the Cambodian and Vietnamese Police forces which stipulates coordination and cooperation practices (2007)

ASEAN Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Keywords: ASEAN, Children, trafficking, Women,

The ASEAN Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children is a regional, legally binding agreement between the ASEAN states, i.e. Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It was signed in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia by the relevant heads of state on 21 November 2015 (ASEAN, 2015)

China's Provincial Implementation Plan on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children of Fujian Province (2008-2012)

Keywords: Children, China, Implementation, trafficking, Women,

China's Provincial Implementation Plan on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children of Fujian Province (2008-2012)

Opinions on Fully Implementing China’s National Plan of Action on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children (2008-2012) by Ministry of Public Security

Keywords: Children, China, Implementation, trafficking, Women,

The Ministry of Security's Opinions on Fully Implementing China’s National Plan of Action on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children (2008-2012) (12 February 2009).

China National Plan of Action on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children (2008-2012)

Keywords: Children, China, trafficking, Women,

This is China's National Plan of Action on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children (2008-2012) issued by the State Council of China, December 13, 2007.

Law of the People’s Republic of China on Penalties for Administration of Public Security (2005)

Keywords: China, Law,

The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Penalties for Administration of Public Security, adopted at the 17th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on August 28, 2005 and beginning effect as of March 1, 2006.

Standard Operating Procedures for the Identification and Return of Victims of Human Trafficking Between Thailand and Viet Nam (2013)

Keywords: Cooperation, Identification, SOPs, Victim identification, Viet Nam,

Standard Operating Procedures for the Identification and Return of Victims of Human Trafficking Between Thailand and Viet Nam (2013)

Cooperation Agreement Between The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Royal Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia on Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the Identification and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims (2009)

Keywords: Cambodia, Cooperation, Identification, Repatriation, SOPs, Trafficing, Viet Nam,

A Cooperation Agreement Between The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Royal Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia on Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the Identification and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims signed on 3 December 2009.

Agreement between the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening Cooperation on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking (2010)

Keywords: China, Cooperation, trafficking, Viet Nam,

This is an Agreement between the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening Cooperation on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking, signed on 15 September 2010.

ILO Convention No. 6 - Night Work of Young Persons (Industry) Convention (1919)

Keywords: ILO Convention 6, Industry, Night work, Young persons,

Convention concerning the night work of young persons employed in industry.

ILO Convention No. 100 - Equal Remuneration Convention (1951)

Keywords: Equal Pay, Equal value, Equal Work, ILO Convention 100, Men, Remuneration, Women, Workers,

The Convention concerning equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value.

ILO Convention No. 138 - Minimum Age Convention (1973)

Keywords: Employment, ILO Convention 138, Minimum Age,

The Convention concerning minimum age for admission to employment adopted in 1973 by the International Labour Organization.

ILO Convention No. 87 - Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention (1948)

Keywords: Employers, Freedom of Association, ILO Convention 87, Organize, protection, Workers,

The ILO Convention concerning the rights of the workers and employers to establish and join organizations without distinction whatsoever.

Regional Commitment and Action Plan of the East Asia and Pacific Region against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (2001)

Keywords: Children, East Asia, Pacific, Sexual Exploitation,

East Asia and the Pacific Regional Consultation for the Second World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children held on October 2001.

Labor Law of the People’s Republic of China (1994)

Keywords: China, Labour, Law,

This is the Republic of China's domestic law governing employment, wages, working conditions and other relevant activities and conditions (1994)

Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia

Keywords: Cambodia, Constitution,

This is the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia adopted in Phnom Penh on 21 September 1993.

Treaty between The Kingdom of Thailand and The Kingdom of Cambodia on Extradition

Keywords: Cambodia, Cooperation, Extradition, Thailand,

This is a treaty between the Kingdom of Thailand and the Kingdom of Cambodia on Extradition.

Agreement between the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation in Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Persons and Protection of Victims of Trafficking (2010)

Keywords: Cooperation, Lao PDR, trafficking, Viet Nam,

An Agreement between the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation in Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Persons and Protection of Victims of Trafficking (3 November 2010).

Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (2004)

Keywords: Cambodia, China, COMMIT, Cooperation, GMS, Lao PDR, MOU, Myanmar, Thailand, trafficking, Viet Nam,

Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative against Trafficking (COMMIT) Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (2004).

ILO Convention No. 89 - Night Work (Women) Convention (Revised) (1948)

Keywords: ILO Convention 89, Night work, Women,

ILO Convention regulating the rights of women night workers.

Article 23 of Viet Nam's Decree. 49 on Sanctions Against Administrative Violation in the Domain of Security and Order (1996)

Keywords: Law, Prostitution, Viet Nam,

Article 23 of Viet Nam's Decree. 49 on Sanctions Against Administrative Violation in the Domain of Security and Order (1996) relates to the governing of the Act of Prostitution and related offences (1996).

Article 21 of Viet Nam's Decree No. 38 on the Administrative Sanctions Against Violations of Labor Legislation (1996)

Keywords: Labour, Viet Nam,

Article 21 of Viet Nam's Decree No. 38 on the Administrative Sanctions Against Violations of Labor Legislation (1996) relates to 'the dispatch of Vietnamese laborers to foreign countries for work, and on the admission of foreigners to work in Vietnam' (1996).

Viet Nam's Law on Donation, Removal and Transplantation of Human Tissues and Organs and Donation and Recovery of Cadavers (2006)

Keywords: Law, Organs, Viet Nam,

Viet Nam's Law on Donation, Removal and Transplantation of Human Tissues and Organs and Donation and Recovery of Cadavers (2006).

Promoting Gender Equality to Combat Trafficking In Women and Children (2002)

Keywords: Children, Gender Equality, trafficking, Women,

ASEM seminar co-organized by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Sweden and UNIFEM in co-operation with UNESCAP, 7 - 9 October 2002.

The Bangkok Declaration on Irregular Migration (1999)

Keywords: Bangkok Declaration, Irregular Migration, migration, Symposium, Undocumented Migrants,

International Symposium on Migration "Towards Regional Cooperation on Irregular/Undocumented Migration" 21 - 23 April 1999.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution (2002)

Keywords: Children, Convention, human trafficking, Prostitution, SAARC, Women,

The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation amongst Member States so that they may effectively deal with the various aspects of prevention, interdiction and suppression of trafficking in women and children; the repatriation and rehabilitation of victims of trafficking and prevent the use of women and children in international prostitution networks, particularly where the countries of the SAARC region are the countries of origin, transit and destination.

The Inter-Governmental Asia Pacific Consultation on Refugees, Displaced Persons and Migrants (2006)

Keywords: Asia Pacific, Displaced Persons, Migrants, Refugees,

The 11th Annual Plenary Session of the Inter-Governmental Asia-Pacific Consultations on Refugees, Displaced Persons and Migrants (APC), convened in Xiamen, China, on 23-25 November 2006.

Viet Nam's Law on Child Protection, Care and Education (2004)

Keywords: Children, Law, protection, Viet Nam,

The Law on Child Protection, Care and Education (2004) is Viet Nam's domestic law establishing 'the fundamental rights and duties of children; responsibilities of the family, State and society in child protection, care and education' (2004).

Viet Nam's Law on Marriage and Family (2014)

Keywords: Law, Marriage, Viet Nam,

The Law on Marriage and Family is Viet Nam's domestic law governing 'the marriage and family regime, legal standards for conduct by family members; responsibilities of individuals, organizations, the State and society in the building and consolidation of the marriage and family regime' (2014).

Thailand's Criminal Code (1956)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Thailand,

The Criminal Code B.E. 2499 (1956) as amended 2003 is Thailand's domestic criminal law (1956).

Viet Nam's Law on Human Trafficking Prevention and Combat (2011)

Keywords: Law, Prevention, trafficking, Viet Nam,

Viet Nam's Law on Human Trafficking Prevention and Combat (29 March 2011).

Viet Nam Penal Code (1999)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Viet Nam,

Viet Nam's Penal Code (1999) outlines the domestic criminal law in Viet Nam (1999).

Viet Nam's Law on Vietnamese Guest Workers (2006)

Keywords: Law, Viet Nam, Workers,

The Law on Vietnamese Guest Workers (2006) is the Vietnamese domestic law governing the activities of sending workers abroad under contract; rights and obligations of guest workers under contract; rights and obligations of enterprises and non-business organizations sending workers abroad under contract, and of concerned organizations and individuals (2006).

Lao PDR's Law on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Children (2014)

Keywords: Children, Lao PDR, Law, Violence, Women,

The Law Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Children is Lao PDR's domestic law relating to violence against women and violence against children (2014).

Lao PDR's Family Law (1990)

Keywords: Family, Lao PDR, Law,

The Promulgation of the Family Law is Lao PDR's domestic law governing families, family relationships and customs with particular focus on women and children (1990).

Lao PDR's Decree on Immigration of Lao People's Democratic Republic for Lao and Foreign nationals (revised 2009)

Keywords: Immigration, Lao PDR,

The Prime Minister's Decree on Immigration of Lao People's Democratic Republic for Lao and Foreign nationals (revised 2009) is Lao PDR's domestic law governing immigration.

Lao PDR's Law on the Protection and Development of Women (2004)

Keywords: Development, Lao PDR, Women,

The Promulgation of the Law on the Protection and Development of Women (2004) is Lao PDR's domestic law relating to the development and protection of the legitimate rights and interests of women (2004).

Lao PDR's Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Children (2007)

Keywords: Children, Lao PDR, rights,

Promulgation of the Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Children (2007) is Lao PDR's domestic law governing the protection of the rights of children with particular focus on children classified as being in special need of protection (2007).

Lao PDR's Labour Law (Amended) (2006)

Keywords: Labour, Lao PDR,

The Labour Law (1994) is Lao PDR's domestic law governing labour and associated laws of employment and practices, amended in (2006).

Lao PDR's Promulgation of the Amended Law on Criminal Procedure (2004)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Lao PDR,

The Promulgation of the Amended Law on Criminal Procedure (2004) is an amendment Lao PDR's domestic law governing criminal procedure (2004).

Lao PDR's Penal Law (2005)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Lao PDR, trafficking,

The Penal Law (2005) is Lao PDR's domestic criminal law. Human trafficking is dealt with specifically in Article 134 (2005).

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operations between State Agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations Engaged in Addressing Trafficking in Children and Women (2003)

Keywords: Children, NGOs, Thailand, trafficking, Women,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operations between State Agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations Engaged in Addressing Trafficking in Children and Women (2003).

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Common Operational Guidelines for Government Agencies Engaged in Addressing Trafficking in Children and Women (2003)

Keywords: Children, Thailand, trafficking, Women,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Common Operational Guidelines for Government Agencies Engaged in Addressing Trafficking in Children and Women within Thailand (2003).

Thailand's Operational Guidelines for Non-Governmental Organisations Engaged in Addressing Trafficking in Children and Women (2003)

Keywords: Children, NGOs, Thailand, trafficking, Women,

Operational Guidelines for Non-Governmental Organisations Engaged in Addressing Trafficking in Children and Women including information and rules on involvement in research, rehabilitation, legal proceedings and general cooperation (2003).

Agreement Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (24 March 2008)

Keywords: Children, Cooperation, Thailand, trafficking, Viet Nam, Vietnam, Women,

An Agreement Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (24 March 2008).

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Cooperation in the Employment of Workers (31 May 2003)

Keywords: Cambodia, Cooperation, Employment, Thailand, Workers,

A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Cooperation in the Employment of  Workers (31 May 2003).

ILO Convention No. 98 - Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (1949)

Keywords: Collective Bargaining, Convention 98, ILO, Right to Organise,

ILO Convention concerning the Application of the Principles of the Right to Organize and to Bargain Collectively.

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Labour Cooperation in the Employment of Workers (21 June 2003)

Keywords: Cooperation, Employment, Lao PDR, Thailand,

A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Labour Cooperation in the Employment of Workers (21 June 2003).

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Children and Women and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (31 May 2003)

Keywords: Cambodia, Children, Cooperation, Thailand, trafficking, Women,

A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Children and Women and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (31 May 2003) [Anti-Trafficking].

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (1990)

Keywords: Migrant Workers, Migrants, United Nations Convention,

The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families is a United Nations Convention governing the protection of migrant workers and their families.

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic and Cooperation to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (13 July 2005)

Keywords: Children, Lao PDR, Thailand, trafficking, Women,

A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic and Cooperation to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (13 July 2005) [Anti-Trafficking].

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (2000)

Keywords: Armed Conflict, Children,

The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict aims to protect children from recruitment and use in hostilities. The Protocol was adopted by the United nations General Assembly on May 25 2000.

Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air (2000)

Keywords: Migrants, Organized Crime, Smuggling, Transnational, United Nations,

This Protocol supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It shall be interpreted together with the Convention. The purpose of this Protocol is to prevent and combat the smuggling of migrants, as well as to promote cooperation among States Parties to that end, while protecting the rights of smuggled migrants.

Tripartite consultation regarding international labour standards and other ILO activities - ILO Convention No. 144 and Recommendation No. 152

Keywords: Convention 144, ILO, International Labour Standards, Recommendation 152, Tripartite consultation,

The aim of the instruments is to promote in each member State procedures which ensure effective consultations between representatives of the government, of employers and of workers, on questions relating to international labour standards, and which may also be used for the purpose of consultations on other matters relating to the activities of the ILO.

ILO Convention No. 189 - Decent Work for Domestic Workers (2011)

Keywords: Convention 189, Decent Work, Domestic Workers, ILO,

ILO Convention No. 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers (2011) offers specific protection to domestic workers. It lays down basic rights and principles, and requires States to take a series of measures with a view to making decent work a reality for domestic workers.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

Keywords: Human Rights, UDHR, United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. It consists of 30 Articles and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled.

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Combating Human Trafficking in 8 Eastern Provinces (29 May 2006)

Keywords: Thailand, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Combating Human Trafficking in 8 Eastern Provinces (29 May 2006).

Night Work (Women) Convention (Revised) (1948)

Keywords: Convention 89, ILO, Night work, Women,

Adopted in the year 1948, Night Work (Women) Convention (Revised) (1948) is the Convention No.89 of International Labour Organization.

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Combating Human Trafficking in 19 Northeastern Provinces (3 July 2006)

Keywords: Thailand, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Combating Human Trafficking in 19 Northeastern Provinces (3 July 2006).

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problem in 9 Lower Central Provinces (7 May 2008)

Keywords: Thailand, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problem in 9 Lower Central Provinces (7 May 2008).

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problem in 17 Northern Provinces (8 May 2007)

Keywords: Thailand, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problem in 17 Northern Provinces (8 May 2007).

ILO Convention No. 29 - Forced Labour Convention (1930)

Keywords: Convention 29, Forced Labour, ILO,

ILO Convention No. 29 on Forced Labour aims at suppression of the use of forced or compulsory labour in all its forms.

ILO Convention No. 182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (1999)

Keywords: child labour, Convention 182, ILO,

ILO Convention No. 182 on Worst Forms of Child Labour aims at prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour.

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problems in 8 South Eastern Provinces (23 March 2007)

Keywords: Thailand,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Suppression, Prevention and Solution for Human Trafficking Problems in 8 South Eastern Provinces (23 March 2007).

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Human Trafficking in 6 South Western Provinces (10 January 2007)

Keywords: Thailand,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Human Trafficking in 6 South Western Provinces (10 January 2007).

Thailand's Immigration Act (1979)

Keywords: Immigration, Thailand,

The Immigration Act, B.E. 2522 is Thailand's domestic law governing immigration and related activities and events (1979).

Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)

Keywords: Child, CRC, rights, UNCRC, United Nations Convention,

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC, CROC, or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children.

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949)

Keywords: exploitation, Prostitution, TIP, Trafficking in Persons, United Nations Convention,

The Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others supersedes a number of earlier conventions that covered some aspects of forced prostitution. Signatories are charged with three obligations under the 1949 Convention: prohibition of trafficking, specific administrative and enforcement measures, and social measures aimed at trafficked persons.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979)

Keywords: CEDAW, Discrimination, Elimination, Equality, United Nations Convention, Women,

The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is an international treaty adopted in 1979 by the United Nations General Assembly. As the title suggests, the objective of the convention is to condemn discrimination against women in all its forms.  

Thailand's Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act (1996)

Keywords: Prostitution, Thailand,

The Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act B.E. 2539 (1996) is Thailand's domestic law governing prostitution and related offences (1996).

Thailand's Criminal Procedure Code (1999)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Thailand,

The Criminal Procedure Code B.E. 2539 (1999).

Thailand's Witness Protection Act (2003)

Keywords: Thailand, trafficking,

Selected sections of the Witness Protection Act B.E.2546 (2003) relevant to human trafficking (Chapter 2: Section 8-12, Chapter 6: Section 21-22).

ILO Convention No. 13 - White Lead (Painting) Convention (1921)

Keywords: Convention 13, ILO, Painting, White Lead,

The objective of the convention is to prohibit the use of white lead and sulphate of lead and of all products containing these pigments, in the internal painting of buildings, except where the use of white lead or sulphate of lead or products containing these pigments is considered necessary for railway stations or industrial establishments by the competent authority after consultation with the employers' and workers' organisations

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Union of Myanmar and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening the Cooperation on Combating Human Trafficking (2009)

Keywords: China, Cooperation, Myanmar, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Union of Myanmar and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening the Cooperation on Combating Human Trafficking (2009).

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Union of Myanmar on Cooperation To Combat Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2009)

Keywords: Children, Cooperation, Myanmar, Thailand, trafficking, Women,

A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Union of Myanmar on Cooperation To Combat Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (24 April 2009).

ILO Convention No. 111 - Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation (1958)

Keywords: Convention 111, Discrimination, Employment, ILO, Occupation,

The fundamental objective of the convention is to promote equality of opportunity and treatment by declaring and pursuing a national policy aimed at eliminating all forms of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

Thailand's Labour Ministerial Law to Protect Agricultural Workers (2014)

Keywords: Agricultural, Thailand, Workers,

The Labour Ministerial to Protect Agricultural Workers B.E. 2557 (2014) is Thailand's domestic law relating to the protection of agricultural workers in Thailand (2014).

Thailand's Marine Department’s Regulations on Permission to Work in Fishing Vessels of 30 gross tonnage or over (2014)

Keywords: Fishing, Thailand,

The Marine Department’s Regulations on Permission to Work in Fishing Vessels of 30 gross tonnage or over B.E. 2557 (2014) is Thailand's domestic law governing the employment of workers on Fishing Vessels of 30 gross tonnage or over (2014).

Thailand's Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problem in 8 Upper Central Provinces (25 July 2008)

Keywords: Thailand, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding on Operational Procedures for Concerned Agencies in Prevention, Suppression and Solution for Human Trafficking Problem in 8 Upper Central Provinces (25 July 2008) [Thailand].

Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons and Protecting Victims of Trafficking (30 October 2014)

Keywords: Cambodia, Thailand, trafficking,

A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons and Protecting Victims of Trafficking (30 October 2014)  [Anti-Trafficking].

Thailand's National Policy Strategies and Measures to Prevent and Suppress Trafficking in Persons (2011 – 2016)

Keywords: Prevention, Thailand,

The National Policy Strategies and Measures to Prevent and Suppress Trafficking in Persons (2011 – 2016) is Thailand's 5 year national plan to combat Trafficking in Persons (2011).

Thailand's Prevention and Suppression of Transnational Organized Crime Involvement Law (2013)

Keywords: Organised Crime, Thailand,

The Prevention and Suppression of Transnational Organized Crime Involvement B.E. 2556 (2013) is Thailand's domestic law relevant to organised crime (only available in Thai) (2013).

Thailand's Sea Fishery Workers Act (2015)

Keywords: Fishing, Thailand,

The Sea Fishery Workers Act B.E. 2558 (2015) defines working conditions for workers in Thailand's sea fishing sector (Government of Thailand, 2015)

Thailand's Operational Guideline on the Prevention, Suppression, Assistance and Protection of Trafficked Persons for Labour Purposes

Keywords: Assistance, protection, Thailand,

Thailand's Operational Guidelines on the Prevention, Suppression, Assistance and Protection of Trafficked Persons for Labour Purposes (English and Thai versions available), published 2008.

Thailand's Employment and Job Seeker Protection Act (1985)

Keywords: Employment, Thailand,

The Employment and Job Seeker Protection Act B.E. 2528 (1985) is Thailand's domestic law governing both domestic and overseas employment (1985).

Thailand's Child Protection Act (2003)

Keywords: Children, Thailand,

The Child Protection Act B.E. 2546 (2003) is Thailand's domestic law governing child protection, child protection authorities and related offences (2003).

Thailand's Alien Work Act (2008)

Keywords: Thailand,

The Working of Alien Act B.E 2551 (2008)is Thailand's domestic law governing the employment of workers from outside Thailand (2008).

Law Amending the Myanmar Immigration (Emergency Provisions) Act (1947)

Keywords: Immigration, Myanmar,

The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law Amending the Myanmar Immigration (Emergency Provisions) Act (1947) is an amendment to Myanmar's domestic law governing immigration (1990).

Myanmar's Blood and Blood Products Law (2003)

Keywords: Myanmar,

The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 112003 The Blood and Blood Products Law (2003) is Myanmar's domestic law governing blood products and the use of blood products in Myanmar (2003).

Myanmar's Body Organ Donation Law (2004)

Keywords: Myanmar,

The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 11200 The Body Organ Donation Law is Myanmar's domestic law governing organ donation (2004).

Myanmar's Suppression of Corruption Act (1948)

Keywords: corruption, Myanmar,

The Suppression of Corruption Act (1948) is Myanmar's domestic law governing corruption (1948).

Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Labour Cooperation

Keywords: Thailand, Viet Nam,

A Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the Kingdom of Thailand on Labour Cooperation signed on 23 July 2015 (2015).

Myanmar's Law Relating to Overseas Employment (1999)

Keywords: Employment, Myanmar,

The Law Relating to Overseas Employment is Myanmar's domestic law governing foreign employment (1999).

Myanmar's Control of Money Laundering Law (2002)

Keywords: Myanmar,

The Control of Money Laundering Law (2002) is Myanmar's domestic law governing the control and effective action against money and property obtained by illegal means and prevention of such offences (2002)

Myanmar's Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Law (2004)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Myanmar,

The Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Law (2004) is Myanmar's domestic law governing the provision of assistance in criminal proceedings with State parties to an international convention or regional agreement to which the Union of Myanmar is a State party with respect to investigation, prosecution and judicial proceedings in criminal matters.

Myanmar's Citizenship Law (1982)

Keywords: Myanmar,

The Citizenship Law is Myanmar's domestic law governing citizenship entering into force in 1982. (1982)

Myanmar's Child Law (1993)

Keywords: Children, Myanmar,

The Child Law (1993) is Myanmar's domestic law governing a variety of issues concerning children in the country (1993)

Myanmar's Penal Code (Articles 358-377)

Keywords: Myanmar,

Articles 358-377 of Myanmar's Penal Code address the issues of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour

Myanmar's Law Amending the Suppression of Prostitution Act

Keywords: Myanmar,

The Law Amending the Suppression of Prostitution Act, 1949 was enacted on the 6th April 1998 (1998)

Memorandum of Understanding between The Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Union of Myanmar on Cooperation in the Employment of Workers (21 June 2003)

Keywords: Employment, Myanmar, Thailand, Workers,

A bilateral agreement between Thailand and Myanmar encouraging cooperation in the employment of workers including proper procedures for employment of workers, the effective repatriation of workers, due protection of workers and the prevention of and action against trafficking of workers and illegal employment (2003)  

Myanmar's Anti Trafficking in Persons Law (2005)

Keywords: Myanmar, trafficking,

The Anti Trafficking in Persons Law is Myanmar's domestic law addressing trafficking in persons (13 September 2005).

The Burma Immigration (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1947

Keywords: Immigration, Myanmar,

The Burma Immigration (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1947 is Myanmar's domestic law dealing with immigration (1947)

Myanmar Annual Work Plan for 2015

Keywords: Myanmar,

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Ministry of Home Affairs, The Central Body for Suppression of Trafficking's Annual Work Plan for 2015 (2015)

Abolition of Forced Labour Convention

Keywords: Forced Labour, Global,

Supplementary treaty to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention, and another of the eight ILO fundamental conventions, cancelling certain forms of forced labour still allowed under the Forced Labour Convention (ILO, 1956)

Forced Labour Convention

Keywords: Forced Labour, Global,

One of eight ILO fundamental conventions committing parties to prohibit the use of forced labour, with only five exceptions permitted (ILO, 1930)

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery

Keywords: Global, slavery,

United Nations treaty building upon the 1926 Slavery Convention and broadening its scope to cover 'institutions and practices similar to slavery' (United Nations, 1956)

Slavery Convention, 1926

Keywords: Global, slavery,

The Slavery Convention or the Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery providing an international treaty confirming and advancing the suppression of slavery and the slave trade (League of Nations, 1926)

COMMIT SPAIV (2015-2018)

Keywords: Cambodia, China, COMMIT, GMS, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam,

The 4th COMMIT Sub-regional Plan of Action (SPAIV) providing a framework for cooperation between the 6 GMS countries on human trafficking between 2015-2018. SPAIV was adopted at the COMMIT Senior Officials and Inter-Ministerial Meeting in Cambodia from 28-30 April 2015 (COMMIT, 2015)

Agreement between the Royal Government of Cambodia and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Women and Children and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (Khmer version)

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam,

A bilateral agreement between Cambodia and Vietnam for eliminating of trafficking in women and children, as well as assisting victims of trafficking, focusing on prevention and protection of victims (2005)

Agreement between the Royal Government of Cambodia and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Women and Children and Assisting Victims of Trafficking (English version)

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam,

A bilateral agreement between Cambodia and Vietnam for eliminating of trafficking in women and children, as well as assisting victims of trafficking, focusing on prevention and protection of victims (2005)

Law on Immigration

Keywords: Cambodia,

Law on Immigration administering people without Cambodian nationality who chose to stay in the territory of the Kingdom of Cambodia (1994)

Law on Criminal Procedure

Keywords: Cambodia,

Law on criminal procedure establishes the rules that shall be respected and strictly implemented in order to determine by law the existence of a criminal offence (1993). It was repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure in 2007.

Labour Law (French version)

Keywords: Cambodia,

Labour Law governing relations between employers and workers resulting from employment contracts to be performed within the territory of the Kingdom of Cambodia, regardless of where the contract was made and what the nationality and residences of the contracted parties are (1997)

Labour Law (English version)

Keywords: Cambodia,

Labour Law governing relations between employers and workers resulting from employment contracts to be performed within the territory of the Kingdom of Cambodia, regardless of where the contract was made and what the nationality and residences of the contracted parties are (1997)

Law on Suppression of the Kidnapping and Trafficking of Human Persons and the Exploitation of Human Persons (Khmer version)

Keywords: Cambodia,

Law suppressing the kidnapping of human persons for trafficking or prostitution and the exploitation of human persons in or out of the Kingdom of Cambodia (1996)

Law on Suppression of the Kidnapping and Trafficking of Human Persons and the Exploitation of Human Persons (English version)

Keywords: Cambodia,

Law suppressing the kidnapping of human persons for trafficking or prostitution and the exploitation of human persons in or out of the Kingdom of Cambodia (1996)

Law on Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation

Keywords: Cambodia,

Law to suppress the acts of human trafficking and sexual exploitation in order to protect the rights and dignity of human beings, to improve the health and welfare of citizens, to preserve and enhance good national customs, as well as to implement the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons (2008)

Third COMMIT Declaration

The Third Joint Declaration of the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative against Trafficking (COMMIT Declaration) as signed at the Inter-Ministerial Meeting in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (COMMIT, 2015)

Agreement between the Government of Lao PDR and the Government of China on Cooperation in Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Persons (Lao version)

Keywords: China, Laos,

A bilateral agreement between Lao PDR and China on cooperation to combat trafficking in persons, focusing on prevention, investigation of cases, protection of trafficked persons, capacity building and the establishment of liaison mechanisms in border areas (2014)

Agreement between the Government of Lao PDR and the Government of China on Cooperation in Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Persons (English version)

Keywords: China, Laos,

A bilateral agreement between Lao PDR and China on cooperation to combat trafficking in persons, focusing on prevention, investigation of cases, protection of trafficked persons, capacity building and the establishment of liaison mechanisms in border areas (2014)

Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930

Keywords: Forced Labor, Global,

The 2014 Forced Labour Protocol as adopted by governments, worker and employer delegates at the International Labour Conference with 437 votes for, 27 abstentions and 8 against. It supplements the 1930 Forced Labour Convention (ILO, 2014)

ASEAN Declaration against TIP

Keywords: ASEAN,

The 2004 ASEAN Declaration Against Trafficking in Persons, Particularly Women and Children as adopted by the ASEAN Heads of State/Government in Vientiane, Lao PDR

2000 UNTOC & the Protocols thereto

Keywords: Palermo Protocol, UNTOC,

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols supplementing it, including what is known as the Trafficking Protocol

2007 COMMIT Joint Declaration

Keywords: COMMIT, GMS,

The COMMIT Declaration agreed on at the 2007 Inter-Ministerial Meeting in Beijing, China reaffirming and strengthening the COMMIT Process' commitment to countering human trafficking (COMMIT, 2007)

COMMIT SPAIII (2011-2013)

Keywords: COMMIT, GMS,

The 3rd COMMIT Sub-Regional Plan of Action (SPAIII) outlining the COMMIT Process' work against human trafficking from 2011 to 2013. It was later extended by another year until 2014 (COMMIT, 2011)

COMMIT SPAII (2008-2010)

Keywords: COMMIT, GMS,

The 2nd COMMIT Sub-Regional Plan of Action (SPAII) setting out the COMMIT Process' work against human trafficking from 2008 to 2010 (COMMIT, 2007)

2004 COMMIT MoU

Keywords: COMMIT, GMS,

The 2004 Memorandum of Understanding between the six GMS countries establishing what is known as the COMMIT Process, the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative Against Trafficking (COMMIT, 2004)

Human Trafficking Laws: Legal Provisions for Victims

Keywords: GMS, Malaysia,

Book comparing legal definitions & frameworks in the GMC ountries and Malaysia against the United Nations Protocol on Human Tracking (UNIAP, 2010)