Estimating Labor Trafficking: A Study of Burmese Migrant Workers in Samut Sakhon, Thailand (UNIAP Trafficking Estimates Competition)
Research report establishing an estimate of labour trafficking of foreign migrant workers (primarily from Myanmar) in Samut Sakhon, one of the largest seafood processing industrial areas in Thailand (Labour Rights Promotion Network (LPN) and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2011)
After Trafficking: Experiences and Challenges in the (Re)Integration of Trafficked Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region
Report on the COMMIT (Re)Integration Research Project, capturing and analyzing the (re)integration experiences of trafficked persons from across the Greater Mekong Sub-Region (COMMIT, NEXUS Institute, UNIAP, 2013)
Recommended Guidelines for Migrant Recruitment Policy and Practice in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region
Guidelines emphasizing the importance of improving recruitment processes in order to encourage safe migration and reduce the potential vulnerability of migrant workers to labour exploitation, including the worst forms of child labour and human trafficking (ILO, IOM, UNIFEM, UNIAP, 2008)
Report for the Consultation Workshop on Strategic Visioning for Post- 2013 Coordinated Efforts in Anti-trafficking in Myanmar
Myanmar report from a series of visioning workshops conducted in each of the 6 GMS countries and at the regional level, bringing together key stakeholders from all sectors and defining a vision for post-2015 anti-trafficking interventions in the sub-region (UNIAP, 2013)
(Re)Integration: Perspectives of Victim Service Agencies on Successes & Challenges in Trafficking Victim (Re)Integration in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region
A publication analyzing the outcomes from a series of national-level practitioner forums on (re)integration of trafficked persons, outlining the official (re)integration procedures in each country, and identifying a number of key challenges from the perspectives of service providers (UNIAP, 2012)
Myanmar Practitioner Forum on the (Re)integration of Victims of Human Trafficking
Report of the Myanmar Practitioner Forum on (Re)Integration of Trafficked Persons as held in all six GMS countries, mapping out and analyzing existing (re)integration assistance mechanisms in the (sub-)region as part of the COMMIT (Re)Integration Initiative (UNIAP, 2011)
After Trafficking: Experiences and Challenges in the (Re)Integration of Trafficked Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region (Summary Report)
Summary report on the COMMIT (Re)Integration Research Project, capturing and analyzing the (re)integration experiences of trafficked persons from across the Greater Mekong Sub-Region (COMMIT, NEXUS Institute, UNIAP, 2013)
SIREN TH-03: Trafficking victim participation in the Thai criminal justice process
Siren report on a technical consultation in March 2012 amongst criminal justice and victim protection practitioners from Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Thailand analyzing the challenges in the criminal justice process on human trafficking in Thailand. The discussions were underpinned by video statements by Myanmar and Cambodian trafficked persons who had previously participated in the judicial process in Thailand (UNIAP, 2013)
UNIAP Final Report Phase III (2007-2014)
The final report of UNIAP Phase III covering the years 2007 to 2014. The report provides an account of UNIAP's work over the 7 year period including key achievements and challenges faced, and links them to the development of its successor project, UN-ACT (UNIAP/UN-ACT, 2014)
In Myanmar: Survivors Help Improve Anti-Trafficking Interventions
Phyo (not her real name), age 23, is from Myanmar. When she was 17 years old, she was deceived by a broker and sold to a Chinese man to be his wife in China. As she refused to have a baby with him, she was abused by her husband and his mother-in-law. Aside, Phyo never received any money, unlike promised by her broker. After 8 months, she managed to escape and returned home, but the problems didn’t stop there. “When I was home, I was very depressed and ashamed. People treated me like a prostitute. I stayed at home and did nothing for two months,” she said. Phyo was speaking at a “Survivors’ Workhop”, an initiative started in Myanmar in 2009 by the Central Body for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons (CBTIP) in cooperation with World Vision Myanmar and UNIAP, now UN-ACT. Since then, the gatherings have been held annually. Key to the workshop is to build the capacity of trafficking survivors, so that they can protect themselves from re-trafficking and manage to successfully (re)integrate into society. At the same time, it provides a platform for survivors from different parts of Myanmar to share their experiences with each other. Through the program, Phyo realized that she was not the only person to have had such bad experiences. She found many new friends, felt empowered and got involved in community anti-trafficking awareness projects. Besides, she started a small business as a dressmaker with her older sister and took on a leadership role in a survivors’ self-help group in her township selling clothing and materials. “I don’t want anyone to fall into this living hell as I did. I never thought I’d become a victim of trafficking. I try to share my story with the youth and young women. I will be satisfied if they can learn to prevent human trafficking from my story. It would also be great if we can educate our children about trafficking at schools,” Phyu said. The program also sees survivors develop recommendations to improve protection & (re)integration services, which they discuss in dialogues with policy makers and developmental agencies. Thanks to these exchanges, a number of concrete improvements to procedures and key services have occurred, including speedier cross-border repatriation; reduced compulsory shelter stays upon return; extended temporary accommodation in the border areas; re-issuing of National Registration Cards (NRC) for trafficking survivors; speedier and more widely available passport application systems; processes for temporary passports; or the formation of government-led community watch groups as a trafficking prevention tool. Human trafficking is an ever-changing phenomenon that requires constant learning, especially also from the voices and concerns of those affected by it. As the project has shown, survivors are a key source of information to further develop our interventions. With their experiences and insights, they add credibility and knowledge to the design of anti-trafficking responses, and provide an important reality check on the functioning of the procedures and services in place.
Counter-Trafficking Needs Assessment
A report analyzing data on the trainings conducted on human trafficking in the GMS countries from 2003-2008; on trainings planned up to 2010; as well as on the participants in these trainings. The assessment also identifies the key areas where there is a need for capacity building, both geographically and in roles and responsibilities related to human trafficking (UNIAP, 2009)
Report for the Consultation Workshop on Strategic Visioning for Post-2013 Coordinated Efforts in Anti-Trafficking in Myanmar
Report of an anti-trafficking visioning workshop in Myanmar, at which a wider range of anti-trafficking stakeholders convened to develop a vision for counter-trafficking interventions in the Greater Mekong Sub-region over a 5-year period, including concrete results to be achieved (UNIAP, 2013)
COMMIT Resource Book
The COMMIT Resource Book pooling together contact details of key anti-trafficking stakeholders from both governmental and non-governmental organizations in all GMS countries organized by area of work and responsibilities (COMMIT, 2015)
COMMIT SPAIV (2015-2018)
The 4th COMMIT Sub-regional Plan of Action (SPAIV) providing a framework for cooperation between the 6 GMS countries on human trafficking between 2015-2018. SPAIV was adopted at the COMMIT Senior Officials and Inter-Ministerial Meeting in Cambodia from 28-30 April 2015 (COMMIT, 2015)
Reflections from the Greater Mekong-Sub-region on the Occasion of the 10th Anniversary of COMMIT
Booklet featuring a compilation of reflections by senior government officials from the GMS, on their respective countries’ experiences as members of COMMIT over the past ten years (COMMIT, 2015)
Myanmar Annual Work Plan for 2015
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Ministry of Home Affairs, The Central Body for Suppression of Trafficking's Annual Work Plan for 2015 (2015)
Memorandum of Understanding between The Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Union of Myanmar on Cooperation in the Employment of Workers (21 June 2003)
A bilateral agreement between Thailand and Myanmar encouraging cooperation in the employment of workers including proper procedures for employment of workers, the effective repatriation of workers, due protection of workers and the prevention of and action against trafficking of workers and illegal employment (2003)
Myanmar's Law Amending the Suppression of Prostitution Act
The Law Amending the Suppression of Prostitution Act, 1949 was enacted on the 6th April 1998 (1998)
Myanmar's Penal Code (Articles 358-377)
Articles 358-377 of Myanmar's Penal Code address the issues of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour
Myanmar's Citizenship Law (1982)
The Citizenship Law is Myanmar's domestic law governing citizenship entering into force in 1982. (1982)
Myanmar's Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Law (2004)
The Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Law (2004) is Myanmar's domestic law governing the provision of assistance in criminal proceedings with State parties to an international convention or regional agreement to which the Union of Myanmar is a State party with respect to investigation, prosecution and judicial proceedings in criminal matters.
Myanmar's Control of Money Laundering Law (2002)
The Control of Money Laundering Law (2002) is Myanmar's domestic law governing the control and effective action against money and property obtained by illegal means and prevention of such offences (2002)
Myanmar's Body Organ Donation Law (2004)
The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 11200 The Body Organ Donation Law is Myanmar's domestic law governing organ donation (2004).
Myanmar's Blood and Blood Products Law (2003)
The State Peace and Development Council Law No. 112003 The Blood and Blood Products Law (2003) is Myanmar's domestic law governing blood products and the use of blood products in Myanmar (2003).
Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Union of Myanmar on Cooperation To Combat Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2009)
A Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Union of Myanmar on Cooperation To Combat Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (24 April 2009).
Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Union of Myanmar and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening the Cooperation on Combating Human Trafficking (2009)
A Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Union of Myanmar and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Strengthening the Cooperation on Combating Human Trafficking (2009).
Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (2004)
Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative against Trafficking (COMMIT) Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (2004).
UN-ACT Research Strategy: Vulnerabilities, Trends and Impact
Research strategy setting out the conceptual framework for UN-ACT's research work, the priority areas and methodological approaches. It also discusses the Project's efforts to help develop standards for research on human trafficking, and how it seeks to promote their application (UN-ACT, 2015)
Review of the effectiveness of the MOUs in managing labour migration between Thailand and neighbouring countries
Review assessing the MOUs signed between Thailand and Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar, and putting forward policy and operational recommendations for more effective MOUs that reflect and complement the changes in the landscape, and will lead to more safe and orderly migration that results in decent work. The assessment and recommendations consider the MOUs’ scope and objectives, the extent to which they meet the needs of workers and employers, and the implementation and review mechanisms (ILO, 2015)
ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers
This is the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers as signed by the Heads of State/Governments of the ten ASEAN nation states on the 13 January 2007 (2007).
UN-ACT Project Brochure
UN-ACT brochure outlining the evolution of the project and its position today as a ‘coordinator’ and ‘innovator’ at the strategic intersection of governance, policy, research and direct interventions in Southeast Asia's counter-trafficking efforts (UN-ACT, 2016)
From every angle: Using the law to combat human trafficking in Southeast Asia
Report analyzing human trafficking legislation in 7 jurisdictions - namely Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam - based on various scenarios of human trafficking, and aimed at providing front-line NGOs engaged in legal service provision and lawyers representing victims of trafficking with information on ways to pursue traffickers (Liberty Asia & Thomson Reuters Foundation, 2014)
Employment available in exchange for debt: Working conditions in the Thai broiler industry
Research report examining the working conditions at Thai broiler chicken production facilities. It is based on interviews carried out in May and June of 2015 with migrant workers from six Thai factories. The focus is on migrant workers, who have come to Thai- land from Myanmar and are responsible for the majority of jobs in slaughter houses and processing plants (Finnwatch, 2015)
The Myanmar Dilemma: Can the garment industry deliver decent jobs for workers in Myanmar?
Identifying Victims of Trafficking and Associated Forms of Exploitation: Common Indicators for First Responders
Set of indicators to support rapid and accurate victim identification as developed by the ASEAN and COMMIT Member States, with support from ILO, IOM, AAPTIP and UN-ACT, and adopted by COMMIT at its Senior Officials Meeting in 2016. The initial screening of possible cases of trafficking will depend on a number of the indicators being apparent, and also the severity of those indicators in a possible given case (COMMIT, 2016)
Victim Identification and Referral Mechanisms: Common Guidelines for the Greater Mekong Sub-region